Friday, March 27, 2015

Hungarian m.35-38 combat helmet and some thoughts on helmet collecting

 This is the second Hungarian 35-38 I've collected and I've said pretty much everything I have to say on the subject here. Instead, I'd like to think out loud about helmet collecting in general.
 
 
When I started collecting helmets nearly forty years ago, my main source was militaria shows. specifically a yearly show in Lansing, Michigan.


Every year I'd go to the show with $450 in my pocket and my empty Navy seabag.  At the end of the day I'd have a helmet full of five or six helmets and sometimes money left over.  Good helmets were plentiful and reasonably priced and I was lucky to have picked up my unit marked M1s and WWII German helmets in that golden era.

 
I also frequented gun shows.  helmets were less plentiful, and frequently over-priced, nonetheless I often found a bargain on a helmet I didn't have.

 
 Back in those early days there was also an outfit named Collectors Armory that advertised in gun and military history magazines.  CA sold what they purported to be WWII German helmets for $50. I never saw one of those so I can't speak to their authenticity, but it is worth remembering that other nations used versions of the m.35, m.40, and m.42 German helmets including Finland and Norway and could be easily tricked-out to look like German helmets.
 
 
I did buy three helmets from CA back in the early eighties, and I'm glad I did because back then they were very inexpensive.  Purchases included an m. 40 from Portugal, a Swedish mod. 21-18, and a Japanese m.30-32 which turned out to my delight to be the Siamese version.

 
I've gotten a few helmets at flea markets and antique malls. Antique malls are similar to gun shows in that helmets are a sometime thing and frequently the seller isn't aware of the value and as a result overprices the helmet.  As with gun shows, I have acquired a few helmets at antique malls.
 

 
Now ebay has changed everything, for better and for worse.  Ebay makes available to the buyer a world-wide market.  Helmets are numerous and plentiful and the price is whatever the market will bear.  Because the buyer/bidder cannot physically hold or examine the helmet it is a riskier proposition.  On ebay I seldom buy unique or remarkable helmets, viz - a marked divisional M1 helmet or an Adrian with a badge other than the most basic; artillery or infantry - similarly with Belgian Adrians.  But frequently I can acquire some really nice lids through this on-line market place.  My recent posting of a Turkish parade helmet (liner) was an Ebay purchase, as was a really nice Norwegian mk I.  If you know what you're looking for - and looking at - ebay can be a great source for helmets.
 


 
The Hungarian helmet pictured in this post I recently purchased from a company called International Military Antiques (IMA).
 
 
 
IMA sells both original and reproduction helmets. I have heard others question the details of some of their claims but overall I believe them to be a trustworthy source for original helmets.
 

 
In recent times IMA experienced every collectors dream - a warehouse filled with hundreds of helmets!  IMA purchased an enormous cache of Hungarian and Finnish helmets. 

 
IMA claims the the Finnish models were manufactured in Germany, on original WWII machinery, and often by the same people who made German helmets during the war.  The latter is a pretty brave claim but I have no reason to doubt their assertions.

 
One thing that IMA does that I do have doubts about however is their practice of taking original helmets and reworking or restoring them into something that they never were e.g. Original German mod. 18 shells "refurbished" -tricked out with reproduction camouflage patterns or decals and Hungarian/Finnish helmets with totenkopfs  newly applied to the front.  Unless these "refurbished" helmets are marked as such there is no way that second-generation collectors won't have these items passed off as authentic originals by an unscrupulous intermediate collector. 
Nontheless IMA delivered the goods on this m.35-38.

 
IMA does, during the ordering process, provide the option to "hand select" the desired helmet from their stock.  I paid fifteen dollars for this service, and the condition of the helmet I received either was money poorly spent or a reflection of the tatty condition of the entire horde.

 
I also belong to a few online helmets collectors groups. In this manner I have come to know, and trust, other collectors and have successfully bought helmets from them.  In this manner I have had great confidence in the honesty of the seller and the pedigree of the helmet.
 

 
Another source which has produced some nice surprises sort of came out of the blue.  In both instances I was contacted by women who recently lost their husbands and were left with an old helmet he picked up along the way which they were offering for sale.  For a scrupulously fair price on my part I acquired a French mod. 1915 Colonial Troops helmet.  Similarly an old friend, who's husband had recently passed away gave me a box filled with the souvenirs her husband brought home from the war (thanks Norma).  The treasure trove included a German mod. 1940 tropenhelm and both urban and rural police shakos.  What a good friend and what a lucky day indeed!







The bottom line is, do your homework; use good reference materials and ask seasoned collectors.  Belonging to an online helmet group is a wonderful way to become familiar with issues of authenticity and fair pricing. 

 
That's my experience of forty enjoyable years of collecting, and I hope yours are equally satisfying.
 
Happy collecting!

 
 

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Israeli M1 combat helmet

 In 1948 the fledgling State of Israel was a hodge-podge of military materiel from other nations.
 
 
1948 Haganah soldiers during the War of Independence wearing
 a mix of British Mk I and Mk III ("turtle shell") helmets.
 


 
Israeli soldiers, all wearing the British Mk II helmet, at the
Wailing Wall during the Six-Day War of 1967. 
 
After decades of reliance upon other nations' surplus to meet their helmet needs, Israel in the 1970s began producing its own version of the American M1 helmet.  Not merely an import of the American M1 but a home-grown clone liner, chinstrap, and all.
 

Traditionally the State of Israel has, for better or worse, been so closely linked to the United States that wags frequently refer to it as "the 51st state". It would figure then that the front-line helmet of Israel for nearly two decades was a clone of the venerable US M1.  This post takes the time to do a side-by-side comparison of the two to explore similarities as well as subtle differences.


 
From all angles... 
  
 

 
save for the three-point chinstrap...

 
 it's a dead-ringer for the US "steel pot".

 
To my eye though the the flare of the skirt seems more pronounced that the US M1 so...
 
 
 
 
 
I did a side-by-side comparison and the difference is quite evident; Israeli on the left,
American on the Right.

 
 

 
 The shell also appears to be slightly larger than the US M1



 
 

 
One thing that really puzzles me about the three-point chinstrap is that there is no quick way to release it.  The webbing has to be threaded or unthreaded from the buckles.  Either I'm missing something or this isn't a particularly good system. 
 
 
Imagine having to deal with this every time you needed to take your helmet off.
 

 
There are three adjustment points available but no practical fastener. 
 
 
 
 
Visible here is the third-point bail as well as the rear seam of the helmet rim.
 
 
  
 

 
The webbing intersects to form an open chin-cup.
 
 
 
 
 Hebrew script for "army" and, perhaps, the date of manufacture.
 

 
This marking, in ink, is printed on the inside of the dome.
 
 

 
Though the buckle is unique it is fastened to the helmet with a bracket very similar to the US M1.
 
 

 
 Embossed in the liner is, again, the character for "army" and in the dome of the liner...
 
 
 
 is the logo of the manufacturer.
Tama Plastics is an Israeli company that now specializes in
 plastic products related to agriculture. 
 

 
 No surprise here, "A" washers typical to an M1 liner.
 

 
The helmet band clips are also identical to its American cousin.
 

 
 As with the US M1 the sweatband is adjustable at the rear.
 

 
Comparison with the US M1 liner (on right) reveals fewer rivets, a shorter visor,
 and no flare around the rim
 
 

 
The plastic Israeli liner (left) is also considerably thicker that the fiberglass American model.
 
 
 
 
Typically, camouflage nets were worn with the Israeli M1 as seen here during the Six-Day war.



 
 
 So there's my look at the Israeli M1 clone. 
Stop by again as I mine the collection for
another cool helmet to explore.
 
In the words of former Israeli defense minister Moshe Dayan...

 
 
"I'll keep an eye out for you"

Friday, March 20, 2015

US Navy Mk II talker helmet




"Maintain proper circuit discipline"
I occasionally heard that phrase come over my headphones as a young Radioman in the early '70s as I was wearing the Mk II "talker" helmet.


The Mk II was designed in 1942 and was in use well in to the 1980's.  It was a very large and somewhat ungainly helmet to wear though it did serve its purpose very well.  It was designed to accommodate the wearing of headphones for Radiomen or anyone
using shipboard sound-powered phones.




The Mk II was manufactured by the McCords Radiator Company in Detroit Michigan; 
 the "Arsenal of Democracy".







Its composition is non-magnetic Hadefield manganese steel.



In addition to accommodating headphones it also provided
a great deal of protection to the wearer.




The bowl is so wide it even provided some coverage to the shoulders of the sailor
who was underneath it.






Okay, it does look a little like the helmet Rick Moranis wore in the movie "Spaceballs".



Painted sea blue the Mk II, like the Mk I, has cork applied with the paint to provide a textured,
non-reflective surface.




The leather chin bales are affixed with brass wire as brass doesn't corrode in the salt water environment of shipboard living.







The liner is composed of a vinyl rubber material by Firestone and B.F. Goodrich
(see ad at bottom of page)


One can easily see in this shot the channels that provide clearance for headphones as well as the head of the wearer.  The padding is very thick and semi-flexible.




The chinstrap is of horse leather and the slider-buckles are made of non-corrosive aluminum.




The chincup has a chamois leather layer next to the skin of the wearer.







I seldom found one of these helmets in which the liner didn't smell of mildew from the marine environment and it was common to have it separated somewhat from the shell.



The rim is a separate piece of magnetic steel...



and the inside of the shell is marked in ink.






This particular helmet was acquired by me for twenty dollars from noted collector and helmet authority Floyd Tubbs in the early 1980's at a militaria show in Lansing Michigan.  I found Mr. Tubbs to be very gracious and always very willing to share his expertise with a new collector.