Thursday, March 9, 2017

Japan: model 30-32 (type 90) combat helmet (part two)

(For a video about me finding my first Japanese helmet go here)

 The Japanese model 30-32 first came in to general use during the Imperial Japanese army's bloody rampage through Manchuria (google it) Photographs and newsreel footage of that brutal occupation cemented the image of the iconic acorn shape of this helmet into the public consciousness.  For a fuller understanding of Bushido culture go here.





Weighing in at two pounds three ounces, this chrome-molybdenum steel helmet is lighter  than many other combat helmets of the era. The model 30-32 served throughout the war and beyond, often found among the materiel of insurgent nationalist groups in Indonesia, Vietnam, and other European colonies occupied by the Japanese during the war.

Now for the walk around:












Two pairs of small holes in the dome provide some ventilation.



Viewed from above, the slightly ovoid shape of the shell is evident.



The three-leaved liner is similar to many European helmets of the era.



The insignia of the Imperial Japanese Army is made manifest by an iron, five-pointed star affixed to the front of the helmet.



Long fabric tapes comprise the chinstraps.



A nice design detail is the sewn point at the ends of the tapes.




The liner leaves are similar to the German m.16 of the Great War.



Also similar to many European helmets of the era, the liner leaves are backed by fabric envelopes into which batting or other material can be stuffed to provide padding as well as to adjust the fit.



A sturdy cord  gathers the leaves of the liner together.




Two vertical peened rivets secure...



A staple and split ring which in turn...


secure the chinstrap keeper loop.



Two similar horizontal rivets...



affix a staple which secures...


split rings that the chinstrap passes through on the sides of the helmet, these are in the same position, and serve the same function, as the chinstrap bails on Western helmets.



Two robust split pins...


secure the leather liner band to the shell.  A third point of securement are the prongs that affix the star insignia which pass through the liner band.



The liner band is joined at the front and rear with heavy stitching.



To ease production time as well as reduce cost the model 30-32 has a raw-edged rim.




And here are images of the model 30-32 in action:



















See you next time with another cool helmet from the collection!

Mannie







2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Hey Mannie, I am a big fan of this blog and your toy soldier blog. Are you still working at Antietam? If so I will be there this Friday. I hope I can see there!
-Andrew

Mannie Gentile said...

Andrew,
I'm glad that you find enjoyment in my blogs, that's very satisfying to me. :-)

No, I haven't been at Antietam for three years now. The funding for my job fell victim to sequestration. I had to scramble to find another job with the Park Service. I worked as a term ranger for four months at the Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, and for the last two and a half years I've been an interpretive park ranger and supervisor of seasonal rangers and guides on the National Mall in Washington DC.

I'd love to get back to Antietam one day, but I don't think that that's in the cards.

By the way, when I worked at Antietam, I commuted 28 minutes a day; now, working in DC I commute five hours a day. Good grief.

Best wishes,

Mannie